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Ukraine and Russia Agree to Resume Grain Exports to Avert Global Food Crisis

The parallel agreements orchestrated by the UN signify a major breakthrough in diplomacy to resume vital grain shipments to the world.
Ukraine and Russia Agree to Resume Grain Exports to Avert Global Food Crisis

Russia and Ukraine agreed Friday to resume exports of millions of tons of Ukrainian grain via the Black Sea for the first time since the Russian invasion, a deal aimed at freeing up vital supplies amid fears of a global food crisis, reports The Wall Street Journal.

Russia, Ukraine Clear Way for Grain Exports to Resume Amid Fears of Global Food Crisis (The Wall Street Journal)

Excerpt from The Wall Street Journal: The deal is the product of months of diplomacy led by the United Nations and Turkey, both of which are signatories to a pair of parallel agreements with Russia and Ukraine. It raises hopes that grain stocks could soon be shipped out from Ukrainian ports, after the war caused a worldwide surge in the cost of food, pushing tens of millions of people closer to starvation. "Let there be no doubt—this is an agreement for the world," said U.N. Secretary-General António Guterres, who flew to Istanbul for the signing ceremony. "It will bring relief for developing countries on the edge of bankruptcy and the most vulnerable people on the edge of famine."
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The deal will enable Ukraine to export 22 million tons of grain and other agricultural products that have been stuck in Black Sea ports due to the war, writes NPR.

Ukraine, Russia agree to export grain, ending a standoff that threatened food supply (NPR)

Excerpt from NPR: "Today, there is a beacon on the Black Sea," Secretary-General Guterres said. "A beacon of hope, a beacon of possibility, a beacon of relief in a world that needs it more than ever. You have overcome obstacles and put aside differences to pave the way for an initiative that will serve the common interests of all," he said, addressing the Russian and Ukrainian representatives. 
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According to Reuters, the accord crowned two months of talks brokered by the United Nations and Turkey aimed at what U.N. Secretary General Antonio Guterres called a "package" that would both restore Ukrainian grain exports while easing Russian grain and fertilizer shipments despite tough Western sanctions on Moscow.

Ukraine, Russia sign deal to reopen grain export ports as war rages on (Reuters)

Excerpt from Reuters: Guterres said the accord opens the way to significant volumes of commercial food exports from three key Ukrainian ports – Odesa, Chernomorsk and Yuzhny, and the U.N. would set up a coordination centre to monitor implementation of the deal. But fighting raged on unabated in Ukraine's east and, underlining deep-seated enmity and mistrust driving the worst conflict in Europe since World War Two, Russian and Ukrainian representatives declined to sit at the same table at the ceremony, and the display of the two countries' flags was adjusted so that they were no longer next to one other.
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